How To Plant Seed Potatoes

Potatoes are one of the most popular vegetables around the world. They are easy to grow and can be used in various dishes. In this article, we will discuss a step-by-step guide on how to plant seed potatoes. Let’s get started!

What are Seed Potatoes?

Seed potatoes are small potato tubers that are used for planting. They are different from the potatoes that we eat, and they are specifically grown for planting purposes. Seed potatoes are usually available in garden centers, nurseries, or online stores.

Step 1: Choose the Right Time

The best time to plant seed potatoes is in early spring, around four to six weeks before the last expected frost. This will give the potatoes enough time to grow before the hot summer months.

Step 2: Choose a Location

Potatoes need well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter. Choose a location that receives at least six hours of sunlight per day. Avoid planting in areas where water tends to accumulate, as this can cause the potatoes to rot.

Step 3: Prepare the Soil

Prepare the soil by removing any weeds and rocks. Add compost or well-rotted manure to improve the soil fertility. Mix the soil well to ensure that the organic matter is distributed evenly.

Step 4: Cut the Seed Potatoes

Cut the seed potatoes into pieces that are about one to two inches in size. Make sure each piece has at least one “eye,” which is the sprout that will grow into a new plant.

Step 5: Let the Cut Potatoes Dry

After cutting the seed potatoes, let them dry for a day or two. This will prevent them from rotting when planted in the soil.

Step 6: Plant the Potatoes

Dig a trench that is about four inches deep. Place the seed potatoes in the trench, with the sprouts facing upward. Cover the potatoes with soil, leaving about two inches of soil above the potatoes.

Step 7: Water the Potatoes

Water the potatoes immediately after planting. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. Water the potatoes regularly, especially during dry spells.

Step 8: Hill the Potatoes

When the potato plants reach about six inches tall, hill the soil around the plants. This will protect the developing tubers from sunlight, which can turn them green and make them toxic.

Step 9: Fertilize the Potatoes

Fertilize the potatoes with a balanced fertilizer when the plants are about eight inches tall. This will provide them with the essential nutrients they need to grow.

Step 10: Control Weeds

Keep the potato patch weed-free by pulling out any weeds that grow around the plants. Weeds can compete with the potatoes for nutrients and water.

Step 11: Monitor for Pests and Diseases

Keep an eye out for pests and diseases that can affect potato plants. Common pests include potato beetles, aphids, and mites. Diseases like blight, scab, and rot can also affect potato plants.

Step 12: Harvest the Potatoes

Harvest the potatoes when the plants start to die back, usually around three to four months after planting. Carefully dig up the potatoes with a garden fork, being careful not to damage them.

Step 13: Cure the Potatoes

After harvesting, let the potatoes dry in a cool, dark, and dry place for a week or two. This will help them develop a thicker skin and last longer in storage.

Step 14: Store the Potatoes

Store the potatoes in a cool, dark, and dry place, like a basement or root cellar. Avoid storing them near onions or apples, as these fruits can release gases that can make the potatoes spoil faster.


Q: Can I plant potatoes from the grocery store?

A: It’s not recommended to plant potatoes from the grocery store, as they may have been treated with chemicals to prevent sprouting.

Q: How deep should I plant the seed potatoes?

A: Plant the seed potatoes about four inches deep.

Q: How often should I water the potatoes?

A: Water the potatoes regularly, especially during dry spells. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.


Now that you know how to plant seed potatoes, you can enjoy harvesting your own fresh potatoes. Follow these steps and take care of your potato plants, and you’ll have a bountiful harvest in no time. Happy planting!