How To Grow Peas

Peas are a delicious and nutritious vegetable that can be grown easily in your own backyard. In this article, we will guide you on how to grow peas step by step. Peas are easy to grow, and they can be grown in almost any soil type. They require cool weather, and they grow best in temperatures between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Here are some tips on how to grow peas:

Choose the Right Variety

There are many different varieties of peas available, and it’s important to choose the right one for your garden. Some varieties are better suited for cold weather, while others are better suited for warmer weather. Some varieties are also better suited for different soil types.

Common Pea Varieties

– English peas: These are the most common variety of peas. They have a sweet flavor and are great for eating fresh or frozen. – Sugar snap peas: These peas have a sweet flavor and are eaten whole, including the pod. – Snow peas: These peas have a mild flavor and are great for stir-fries and salads.

Prepare Your Soil

Peas grow best in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. It’s important to prepare your soil before planting your peas. Start by removing any weeds or debris from the area where you plan to plant your peas.

Soil Preparation

– Loosen the soil: Use a garden fork or tiller to loosen the soil to a depth of 12-18 inches. – Add compost: Mix in 2-3 inches of compost to add nutrients to the soil. – Test the soil: Use a soil test kit to determine the pH level of your soil. Peas prefer a pH level of 6.0-7.5.

Plant Your Peas

Once your soil is prepared, it’s time to plant your peas. Peas can be planted in early spring or late summer for a fall harvest.

Planting Tips

– Space your plants: Plant your peas 1 inch deep and 2-3 inches apart. Space your rows 18-24 inches apart. – Provide support: Peas need support to grow. Use a trellis or stakes to support your plants. – Water regularly: Peas need regular watering, especially during dry periods. – Mulch your plants: Mulch your plants to help retain moisture and keep the soil cool.

Care for Your Peas

Peas require minimal care, but it’s important to keep an eye on them and provide them with what they need.

Care Tips

– Fertilize your plants: Peas need regular fertilization to grow. Use a balanced fertilizer every 4-6 weeks. – Watch for pests: Peas can attract pests like aphids and pea weevils. Use an insecticidal soap to control pests. – Harvest your peas: Peas are ready to harvest when the pods are full and firm. Harvest your peas regularly to encourage more growth.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long does it take for peas to grow?

Peas typically take 60-70 days to mature.

How do I know when to harvest my peas?

Peas are ready to harvest when the pods are full and firm.

How do I store my peas?

Fresh peas can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 5 days. Frozen peas can be stored in the freezer for up to 8 months.


Growing peas is easy and rewarding. With the right care and attention, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious and nutritious peas. Remember to choose the right variety, prepare your soil, plant your peas, and care for your plants. Happy gardening!