How To Fix Drywall: A Comprehensive Guide

Drywall is a popular material used in most homes. It’s easy to install and is more affordable than other wall materials. But, it’s prone to wear and tear and can easily get damaged. Knowing how to fix drywall can save you money on costly repairs. In this article, we’ll show you how to fix drywall like a pro.

What You’ll Need

Before you start fixing your drywall, you’ll need to gather the necessary tools and materials. Here’s a list of what you’ll need:

  • Drywall compound
  • Drywall tape
  • Drywall screws
  • Sanding block or sandpaper
  • Putty knife
  • Mud pan
  • Utility knife
  • T-square or straight edge

Step 1: Assess the Damage

The first step in fixing drywall is to assess the damage. Look for cracks, holes, or any other damage to the drywall. Identify the size and location of the damage to determine the best approach for repair.

Step 2: Prepare the Surface

To prepare the surface, clean the damaged area by removing any debris or loose drywall material. Use a sanding block or sandpaper to smooth out the edges of the damage.

Step 3: Apply Drywall Tape

The next step is to apply drywall tape to cover the damaged area. Cut a piece of drywall tape that’s slightly longer than the damaged area. Apply the tape over the damage, making sure to smooth out any wrinkles or bubbles.

Step 4: Apply Drywall Compound

Using a putty knife, apply a thin layer of drywall compound over the tape. Make sure to spread the compound evenly over the entire damaged area. Allow the compound to dry completely before moving on to the next step.

Step 5: Sand the Surface

Once the compound has dried, use a sanding block or sandpaper to smooth out the surface. Sand the surface until it’s smooth and even with the surrounding area.

Step 6: Apply a Second Coat of Compound

Apply a second coat of drywall compound over the first coat. This coat should be slightly wider than the first coat to ensure that the damaged area is completely covered. Allow the compound to dry completely before sanding again.

Step 7: Sand Again

Once the second coat has dried, sand the surface again to smooth out any rough spots. The surface should be smooth and even with the surrounding area.

Step 8: Paint the Surface

Finally, paint the repaired area to match the surrounding wall. Make sure to use the same type of paint and finish as the rest of the wall to ensure a seamless repair.


Q: Can I fix large holes in drywall?

A: Yes, you can fix large holes in drywall. However, the process is a bit more involved and may require additional tools and materials.

Q: How long does it take for drywall compound to dry?

A: Drywall compound typically takes 24-48 hours to dry completely. However, drying time may vary depending on the temperature and humidity in your home.

Q: What type of drywall tape should I use?

A: There are several types of drywall tape available, including paper tape and mesh tape. Both types are suitable for repairing drywall, but mesh tape is generally easier to work with.


Fixing drywall is a straightforward process that anyone can do with the right tools and materials. By following these steps and tips, you can repair your drywall and restore your walls to their former glory. Remember to take your time and be patient, and you’ll have a beautiful, smooth wall in no time.