How To Build Deck: A Step-By-Step Guide

If you are looking to add a beautiful outdoor space to your home, building a deck is a great option. A deck can provide a comfortable space for relaxing, entertaining, and enjoying the outdoors. In this article, we will guide you through the process of how to build a deck, step-by-step.

Planning and Preparation

Before you start building your deck, it is essential to plan and prepare. Here are some steps to follow:

1. Determine the Location

The first step is to decide where you want your deck to be. Consider the size of your yard and the natural flow of traffic. You want to make sure that your deck is easily accessible and does not obstruct any important features of your yard.

2. Decide on the Size and Shape

Once you have determined the location, the next step is to decide on the size and shape of your deck. Consider your budget and how you plan to use the space. A larger deck may be more expensive, but it can provide more space for entertaining and relaxing.

3. Obtain Permits

Before you start building your deck, you may need to obtain permits from your local government. Check with your local building department to see what permits are required in your area.

4. Gather Materials and Tools

Once you have obtained permits, it is time to gather the materials and tools you will need for your deck. This may include lumber, screws, nails, concrete, and tools such as a saw, drill, and level.

Building Your Deck

Now that you have planned and prepared, it is time to start building your deck. Here are the steps to follow:

1. Install Footings

The first step in building your deck is to install footings. Footings provide a solid foundation for your deck. Dig holes for the footings and pour concrete into the holes. Once the concrete has set, attach the posts to the footings.

2. Install Beams and Joists

The next step is to install beams and joists. Beams provide support for the deck, while joists provide a surface for the deck boards. Install the beams and joists according to your deck plan.

3. Install Deck Boards

Once the beams and joists are in place, it is time to install the deck boards. Lay the boards perpendicular to the joists and secure them with screws or nails.

4. Install Railings

The final step is to install railings around your deck. Railings provide safety and support for your deck. Install the railings according to your deck plan.


Here are some frequently asked questions related to how to build a deck:

1. How much does it cost to build a deck?

The cost of building a deck depends on various factors, such as the size and materials used. On average, a deck can cost anywhere from $2,000 to $10,000 or more.

2. How long does it take to build a deck?

The time it takes to build a deck depends on the size and complexity of the project. A simple deck can be built in a few days, while a more complex deck may take several weeks.

3. Do I need a permit to build a deck?

In most cases, you will need a permit to build a deck. Check with your local building department to see what permits are required in your area.


Building a deck can be a great way to add value and beauty to your home. By following these steps and tips, you can build a deck that you can enjoy for years to come. Remember to plan and prepare carefully, gather the materials and tools you need, and follow the steps carefully. Happy building!