How To Build A Wheelchair Ramp

If you or someone you know uses a wheelchair, then you know how important it is to have a ramp that is safe and easy to use. In this article, we will show you how to build a wheelchair ramp that meets all of your needs. Whether you are building a ramp for your home or for a public space, the process is the same.

Materials Needed

Before you start building your ramp, you will need to gather a few materials. Here is a list of everything you will need:

  • Lumber
  • Screws
  • Bolts
  • Nails
  • Concrete mix
  • Gravel
  • Sand
  • Paint

Step 1: Plan Your Ramp

The first step in how to build a wheelchair ramp is to plan your ramp. You will need to decide where you want the ramp to go and how long it needs to be. You will also need to consider the slope of the ramp and the materials you will use to build it.

Step 2: Measure and Mark Your Ramp

Once you have planned your ramp, you will need to measure and mark the area where you will be building it. Use a tape measure to measure the length and width of the ramp. Then, use chalk or spray paint to mark the area where the ramp will be built.

Step 3: Build the Frame

The next step in how to build a wheelchair ramp is to build the frame of the ramp. Use lumber to build the frame, making sure that it is sturdy and secure. Use screws and bolts to attach the frame to the ground.

Step 4: Pour the Concrete

Once the frame is in place, you can pour the concrete. Mix the concrete according to the instructions on the bag and pour it into the frame. Use a trowel to smooth out the surface of the concrete.

Step 5: Add Gravel and Sand

After the concrete has dried, you can add gravel and sand to the ramp. This will provide traction and make it easier for wheelchairs to move up and down the ramp.

Step 6: Paint the Ramp

Finally, you can paint the ramp. Choose a color that is easy to see and that will provide contrast with the surrounding area. This will make it easier for people to see the ramp and use it safely.


Q: How long should my wheelchair ramp be?

A: The length of your ramp will depend on the height of the area you are trying to access. As a general rule, a ramp should be one foot long for every one inch of rise.

Q: What is the maximum slope for a wheelchair ramp?

A: The maximum slope for a wheelchair ramp is 1:12. This means that for every inch of rise, the ramp should be 12 inches long.

Q: What materials should I use to build my wheelchair ramp?

A: You should use lumber, concrete, gravel, and sand to build your wheelchair ramp. These materials are sturdy and will provide a safe surface for wheelchairs to travel on.


Building a wheelchair ramp is an important project that requires careful planning and attention to detail. By following these steps and using the right materials, you can create a ramp that is safe and easy to use. Remember to always consider the needs of wheelchair users and make sure that your ramp meets all necessary safety requirements.