Home Composting How To

Home Composting How To Home composting is an easy and sustainable way to dispose of organic waste. It helps reduce landfill waste and provides nutrient-rich soil for gardening. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to start your own home composting system.

What is Home Composting?

Home composting is the process of decomposing organic waste such as food scraps, leaves, and grass clippings into nutrient-rich soil. It is done in a controlled environment where microorganisms break down the waste into compost.

What Do You Need for Home Composting?

To start home composting, you will need a compost bin, organic waste, and some space. The compost bin can be purchased or made at home using materials like wood or wire mesh. It should be placed in a spot that is easily accessible and receives sunlight.

How to Compost at Home?

To start composting at home, follow these simple steps: 1. Collect organic waste such as food scraps, leaves, and grass clippings. 2. Chop the waste into smaller pieces to speed up the decomposition process. 3. Layer the waste with soil or other carbon-rich materials like shredded paper or cardboard. 4. Keep the compost moist by adding water regularly. 5. Turn the compost every few weeks to aerate it and speed up the decomposition process. 6. Wait for the compost to turn into a dark, crumbly soil-like substance.

What Should You Compost?

You can compost a variety of organic waste, including: – Vegetable and fruit scraps – Coffee grounds and filters – Eggshells – Leaves and grass clippings – Shredded paper and cardboard – Wood chips and sawdust

What Should You Not Compost?

There are some items that should not be composted, including: – Meat, fish, and dairy products – Fats and oils – Pet waste – Diseased plants – Coal or charcoal ash

How Long Does Composting Take?

The time it takes for composting to be complete depends on various factors such as the composting method used, the size of the compost pile, and the type of organic waste being composted. Generally, it takes anywhere from a few months to a year for composting to be complete.

How to Use Compost?

Compost can be used as a soil amendment, mulch, or potting mix. It improves soil structure, increases water retention, and provides nutrients to plants. Simply mix the compost with soil or use it as a top dressing.

How to Maintain Your Compost Bin?

To maintain your compost bin, keep it moist, turn it every few weeks, and add organic waste regularly. You can also add compost activators like manure or compost starter to speed up the decomposition process.


Q. How often should I add organic waste to my compost bin?

You should add organic waste to your compost bin regularly, ideally every few days.

Q. Can I compost pet waste?

No, you should not compost pet waste as it can contain harmful pathogens.

Q. Can I add weeds to my compost bin?

Yes, you can add weeds to your compost bin as long as they are not diseased.

Q. Can I compost in an apartment?

Yes, you can compost in an apartment using a small compost bin or vermicomposting.


Home composting is an easy and sustainable way to dispose of organic waste. With a little effort, you can turn your food scraps and yard waste into nutrient-rich compost for your garden. Start your own home composting system today and make a positive impact on the environment.